La Perouse Bay is probably my favorite hike in the Wailea area, because you really feel like you have gotten away from civilization and into the true beauty of Maui. This can be a solo adventure or group activity, either way if you plan to hike to Kanaio Beach from La Perouse Bay, I would suggest doing it early or later in the day, when the heat is not so intense. Called Keoneʻoʻio Bay by the Hawaiians* La Perouse Bay later got its name from French explorer Captain Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse who mapped this area as well as the nearby island, Kahoʻolawe in 1786. He is said to be the first westerner to land on Maui. While the dates seem to vary, geologist agree that this lava marks Haleakala’s last eruption.
What you’ll see: The bay is situated just south of the Ahihi-Kinau Natural Area Reserve, which means fishing is prohibited within the reserve, but you will see many endemic and other fish species, marine mammals, green sea turtles, and coastal plants. If you plan to snorkel, be aware of conditions and if you have any doubts ask any local you can (concierge, clerk at the snorkeling shop, family picnicking at the bay) about potential dangers.
The Hike: If you plan to leave the beach area there is a two-mile, centuries old path on lava, leading to Kanaio Beach. Fun fact, the trail is called either Hoapili trail and is part of the King's Trail which once circumnavigated the island. Here you will find archaeological ruins, a rocky beach and some shade (watch out for thorns). It is a great spot to have a picnic, reflect on life and take in the beauty and rare view of Halekala. Note the small string of cinder cones that mark the southwest rift zone, remnants of the basaltic lava flow 900,000 years ago that formed this rounded peninsula.
Cultural Significance: “These were typical lodging huts used by the people who lived in upcountry, “explains Jonelle Kamai, cultural advisor for the Fairmont Kea Lani, “the climate here would not have been comfortable enough to live here year round, but the abundant fishing and lure of the ocean would bring people down to visit, not unlike today.”
What does it mean?
Words and phrases mentioned and translated by Jonelle Kamai, cultural advisor of the Fairmont Kea Lani
A’a basaltic lava forming very rough jagged masses with a light frothy texture.
Ahihi-Kina’u the marine preserve
Alanui street, road, highway, thoroughfare. Literally “large path.”
Haleakalā place name. House [used] by the sun. Literally “house (hale) by (a) the (ka) sun (lā).”
Heiau place of worship, shrine, religious temple
Ho‘okipa To entertain, to greet, to welcome host, to be hospitable.
Iki Small, little, slight.
Kanaio Beach and shore in Honuaʻula, Maui. Kanaio is a land division on the south side of Haleakalā, where its shore lies approximately between Kamanamana and Pōhakueaea Points. The several small rocky beaches here are known collectively as Kanaio Beach. Lit., the false sandalwood tree.
Kīhei Popular town on Maui. Around 1890, Maui Sugar Plantation owners and farmers selected this site for a landing in Māʻalaea Bay. A 200-foot-long wharf was constructed and used by interisland steamers to land freight and ship produce. About 1915, the interisland steamers stopped calling because severe sand accretion prevented them from reaching the wharf, but smaller boats continued to use it until 1952 when Māʻalaea Small Boat Harbor was constructed
Keoneʻōʻio Bay and beach in Honuaʻula, Maui. Small pockets of calcareous sand and coral rubble on the shore of an otherwise rocky bay. Also known as La Pérouse Bay. Lit., the bonefish sand.
ʻŌʻio, or bonefish, is a popular fish for eating that forages in pockets of sand and is found at all three sites.
Mākena Village, bay, landing, school, and quadrangle, East Maui. Lit., abundance.
* Hawaiians didn't call themselves "Hawaiians" hundreds of years ago, a better term would be kanaka maoli, which means indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants. But to keep things simple, I use the term Hawaiians.